They reach only moderate heights, the tallest being Carrauntoohil (Corrán Tuathail) in County Kerry, at 1,038 meters (3,406 ft.). Take a minute to check out all the enhancements! Although it is the second smallest of the Four Provinces in terms of area, Leinster, the Eastern province, has the largest and densest population and contains the largest number of counties (namely 12, the better-known ones including Dublin, Wicklow, Kilkenny and Meath). At the Olympics, boxing is Ireland's most successful sport. England is not considered a separate nation, as it is governed by the United Kingdom. The largest of Leinster’s cities is Dublin (Baile Átha Cliath), others include Kilkenny (Cill Chainnigh), Dundalk (Dún Dealgan) and Drogheda (Droichead Átha). That year the government of Ireland acknowledged British rule in the north. Explore the lush rainforests of Brazil, the incredible architecture of Italy and set out on a spectacular Kenyan safari – just to name a few. There are no snakes. Ireland adopted a new constitution, though it kept some ties to Britain. The Provinces are the most convenient entities to describe Irish geography, as they differ in geography, character and history and as they tend to be an explicit aspect of their inhabitants’ identity to this day. Throughout much of its history, Ireland fought against rule by other countries. Ireland lies west of the island of Great Britain, from which it is separated by the narrow North Channel, the Irish Sea (which attains a width of 130 mi/209 km), and St. George's Channel. Irish Rebellion, (1798), an uprising that owed its origins to the Society of United Irishmen, which was inspired by the American and French revolutions and established in 1791, first in Belfast and then in Dublin.The membership of both societies was middle-class, but Presbyterians predominated in the Belfast society while the Dublin society was made up of Catholics and … The coastline is complex, including multiple peninsulas, separated by Donegal Bay, Lough Swilly, Lough Foyle, Belfast Lough and Carlingford Lough. The entire population of the island of Ireland is about 6.65 million, 4.75 million in the Republic of Ireland and 1.9 million in Northern Ireland. As a whole, the island of Ireland measures about 84,500km² (32,500 sq. Western Europe, occupying five-sixths of the island of Ireland in the North Atlantic Ocean, west of Great Britain 2013: Natural resources: natural gas, peat, copper, lead, … This country includes England, Scotland, Northern Ireland, and Wales; Down. The craggy Cliffs of Moher wrap around the western coast of County Clare, Ireland. Bórú was king of the area known as Munster in southwestern Ireland. Ireland is an island nation on the westernmost edge of Europe. Its lengthy borders touch Germany and Belgium in the north, the Atlantic Ocean in the west, and the Pyrenees mountains and Spain in the south. Ulster is a land of profound contrasts and conflicts, played out in a remarkably splendid natural setting. mi) Lough Neagh in Northern Ireland. It makes up part of the UK along with England, Scotland and Wales, but is situated on an island in Western Europe called Ireland.. Northern Ireland takes up one-sixth of Ireland, while the rest of Ireland is an independent nation, the Republic of Ireland.. In Ireland he gathered an army to fight William III, who was by then king of England. There are many ways of subdividing Ireland geographically. Of this total, 14,000km² (5,500 sq. ). Ireland remained peaceful until the late 700s, when Vikings invaded. The highest peak is Carrauntoohil (Irish: Corrán Tuathail), which is 1,041 meters (3,415 ft) above sea level. The Republic of Ireland takes up most of the island with Northern Ireland (which is part of the United Kingdom) taking up a northern section. Northern Ireland is the smallest country in the United Kingdom. Offshore islands include Rathlin and Tory. Ireland adopted a new constitution, though it kept some ties to Britain. [hide]. Although much of Ireland’s population used to be rural, recent decades have seen a strong trend favouring the cities: 1.35 million live in Greater Dublin (just over half a million in the city proper), 300,000 in Cork Metropolitan Area and 385,000 in Belfast’s Metropolitan Area. Although it is the second smallest of the Four Provinces in terms of area, Leinster, the Eastern... Connacht / Connacht. In 1948 Ireland voted to become a fully independent republic. At present, only about a dozen retain any permanent settlement. Cliffs of Moher’ Carved by a massive river delta over 320 million years ago, the mighty cliffs tower 214 meters (702 feet) over the Atlantic Ocean. Ireland's major cities are Dublin, Cork, Limerick, Waterford, Galway, Dundalk, and Kilkenny. Ducksters Geography Games Identify U.S. states and world countries, capitals, and flags. Ireland: Counties - Map Quiz Game: There are 32 counties on the island. This was seen as a great victory for the Protestant cause. The capital is Dublin. Rivers include the Shannon (most of its tidal part is in Munster), Lee (An Laoi) and Blackwater (An Abha Mhór). In 1801 the Act of Union joined Great Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales) and Ireland into the United Kingdom. Ireland- the land and the landscape - a geography for schools & travellers (IA irelandlandlands00coleiala).pdf 562 × 837, 168 pages; 9.63 MB Physiographic Regions of County Carlow.png 417 × 513; 39 KB The English also imposed strict anti-Catholic laws. The Easter Rising, as it came to be known, was crushed, and 15 of the Irish ringleaders were executed. English is widely used throughout Ireland, but Gaelic is also spoken along the western coast. From 1919-1921 Ireland and England went to war. Crops include sugar beets, barley, wheat, and potatoes. Ireland is a wonderland of breathtaking natural landscapes and the following is a list of must see geography. National Geographic Kids. View Images. In 1921 Britain agreed to make the southern part of the island the Irish Free State. In 1937 the Irish Free State took the name Éire, or Ireland. The largest country in Western Europe, France has long been a gateway between the continent’s northern and southern regions. Hills and low mountains rise mainly in the west. Scotland is a country in Europe and is part of the island of Great Britain (Europe’s largest island) alongside England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Our geography for kids will transport you to some of the planet’s coolest countries. The most important rivers are the Foyle (An Feabhal), Bann (Bhanna) and Lagan (Abhainn an Lagáin); Lough Neagh is the largest inland body of water in the United Kingdom and the combination of the utterly labyrinthine Upper Lough Erne and its Lower Lough Erne continuation makes for one of the most unusual landscapes in  Europe. The most important city is Cork (Corcaigh), other centres of population are found at Limerick (Luimneach), Ennis (Inis) and Killarney (Cill Airne). To re-enable the tools or to convert back to English, click "view original" on the Google Translate toolbar. Students learn both Irish (also called Gaelic) and English in school, but the everyday language is English. In the 400s ce Saint Patrick helped to spread Christianity among the population of Ireland. As a result of Ireland’s climate, the island is exceedingly rich in water, including various type of wetland. In 2005 the IRA announced that it would no longer use violence. The Republic of Ireland comprises 26 counties, while Northern Ireland accounts for the remaining 6 counties. France: geography and landscape. There are certain critical periods of time when various aspects of development come into alignment. Absolutely fabulous 10 day trip around the island, exploring the culture, history, and beauty of Ireland - not to mention the cuisine! Ireland is divided into four provinces and 26 counties. Ireland geography: climate. The Ducksters is a Warner Bros. Looney Tunes theatrical cartoon short released in 1950. In 2002 Ireland was the first country in the world to have an environmental tax for plastic shopping bags and in 2004 it was the first to introduce a public smoking ban. The largest island of Northern Ireland is Rathlin, off the north Antrim coast. Science Kids ... Ducksters. Although Munster includes a very fertile part of the Central Plain, much of its south and west is rugged and mountainous, including the Galtees, the Derrynasaggart range and MacGillycuddy’s Reeks, the highest rise in the country. Ireland: Counties - Map Quiz Game: There are 32 counties on the island. In the early 1600s England sent English and Scottish Protestants to settle in northern Ireland. Ireland’s people relied on farming for their income for much of the 20th century. Map credit x All maps in the Ireland counties quiz were created by Lyndsey McCollam (lizardpoint.com), and are derivative works of Wiki File: Ireland_trad_counties_named.svg , which is itself a derivative work of: In Northern Ireland, counties are no longer used for local government; districts are instead used. Its eastern limits are marked by the River Shannon and its lakes, to the north and west it is characterised by the rugged Atlantic shoreline, long stretches of it barely populated. In 1948 Ireland voted to become a fully independent republic. It is bordered by Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. In 1948 Ireland voted to become a fully independent republic. In other parts of Donegal, scientists have discovered rocks that began life as glacial deposits, demonstrating that at this early period, part of what was to become Ireland was in the grip of a… There are many loughs (or lakes), the largest being the 392km² (151 sq. On Easter Monday in 1916, a group calling for independence staged an armed uprising in Dublin. Mammals include mice, hares, and stoats (animals similar to weasels). The inland areas are reasonably flat, while the coastal areas have mountain ranges including the Ox Mountains, Nephin Beg and Mweelrea. Ireland, as an island lying out on the north western fringe of continental Europe was settled by humans civilisations relatively late in European prehistory terms with the first human settlements taking place around 6000 BC. More than a third the size of Britain, the island averages 140 mi (225 km) in width and 225 mi (362 km) in length. Connacht is sometimes considered the “Wild West” of Ireland. Melanie Chapman, Louisiana, USA Choose a language from the menu above to view a computer-translated version of this page. Ireland’s most famous food, the potato, is native to South America and not Ireland. Test your knowledge of countries, flags, landmarks and more with these epic geography quiz questions and answers. A range of important historical events have taken place in prehistoric Ireland over the centuries. Britannica does not review the converted text. In the 1990s the independent republic of Ireland became a successful member of the European Union. Are you a geography quiz whiz? Most people in Ireland are ethnic Irish, whose main ancestors were the ancient Celts. Inlets include Galway Bay, Killary Harbour (Ireland’s only fjord), islet-studded Clew Bay, the wild waters of Blacksod and Broad Haven Bay, as well as the funnel-shaped Bay of Killala. However, the IRA continued to attack the British in the hope of uniting all of Ireland. In 2002 Ireland was the first country in the world to have an environmental tax for plastic shopping bags and in 2004 it was the first to introduce a public smoking ban. A second extensive lake system is centred on Lower and Upper Lough Erne in Fermanagh. The coastal areas range from densely populated and industrialised in the east to virtually deserted and highly rural in the west. The same safe and trusted content for explorers of all ages. Official name:Scotland, Alba Form of government: constitutional monarchy Capital city: Edinburgh Largest city:Glasgow Population:around 5.2 million Monetary unit:Pound sterling (GBP) Official languages:English/Gaelic/Scots Area:78,772 km² (30,414 sq mi) Major mountain ranges:Southern Uplands, Central Lowlands, Grampian Mountains, North West Highlands Major rivers: River Tay, River Spey, River Dee, River Tweed, River Clyde Important anchorages, all on the relatively straightforward East Coast, include Carlingford Lough, Dublin Bay and Wexford Harbour, major rivers are the Boyne (An Bhóinn), Liffey (An Life) and Slaney (Abhainn na Sláine). We’ve been busy, working hard to bring you new features and an updated design. Contour lines join points of equal height and they never cross each other. Ireland's terrain is mostly … About 40 percent of the people live in rural areas. The total length of Ireland’s coastline is controversial (as it depends on the method of measurement), but is commonly estimated at about 3,200km (1,990mi). Contents. Irish opposition to British rule remained strong through much of the 1800s and 1900s. To learn more about cookies and your cookie choices. That is broadly true, albeit very technical. The Vikings took over part of the island, but other rulers controlled the rest of the land. Geography. Six counties in the north remained under direct British control, however. Services, including finance, transportation, and public administration, are now Ireland’s main economic activities. Led by a wonderful, knowledgeable, and very personable pair of guides. mi), about the same area as Utah or Austria and somewhat larger than Tasmania. Northern Ireland. Ireland is in the Temperate zone which means that is mild all year round. Mosses and lichens grow throughout the island. You are now leaving the National Geographic kids website. Geography >> Europe >> Ireland History and Timeline Ireland Capital: Dublin Population: 4,882,495 The Geography of Ireland Borders: Ireland is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean. The most famous of Ireland’s rivers is the Shannon. Half the size of Arkansas, it occupies the entire island except for the six counties that make up Northern Ireland. The Celts wiped out almost all the earlier inhabitants and set up kingdoms. England is a part of Europe's United Kingdom (England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland), and it is located on the island of Great Britain. The Sinn Fein, which means "Ourselves Alone" became a political movement for freedom. Large numbers of people continued to emigrate from time to time, and today many millions of people of Irish descent live around the world. Seterra "Become a geography expert and have fun at the same time! A low-lying plain spans most of eastern and central Ireland. In the field, much of Ireland does indeed look very green! Tourism is one of the country’s largest service industries. During the 1990s, however, the country enjoyed great economic growth. Served as President: 1829-1837 Vice President: John Caldwell Calhoun, Martin Van Buren Party: Democrat Age at inauguration: 61 Born: March 15, 1767 in Waxhaw, South Carolina Died: June 8, 1845 at the Hermitage near Nashville, Tennessee Married: Rachel Donelson Children: none, but he had 3 adopted sons … Manufacturing, mining, and construction are also very important to the economy. It is the continent's second largest island (after Great Britain). Most of the island gained independence in the 1920s. Major cities in Ireland include Dublin, Cork, Limerick, Galway, and Waterford. On a geography field trip to Northern Ireland’s North Coast, your pupils will get the chance to study coastal processes, volcanism, geology, glaciation, the impact of tourism and conservation in a fascinating area of outstanding natural beauty. 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